The Sustainability Fisheries Management of Shark and Ray in Indonesia Until The Year 2040 *)
Shark and ray resources in nusantara water is award for Indonesian nation. Sharks and rays are renewable resources, but if wrong in exploitation and this threatened resources of extinct (collapse), the recovery will require long time and a real expensive cost. Exploiting wisely wise and hardly is required, that this resources can be endowed chronically between generations.
The characteristics biology of shark and ray (elasmobranchii) are slow growing, long lived, sexual matured at the age of relative old and only yields a few pups, nature of like that makes very sensitive shark and ray to fishing pressure (FAO, 2000). Exploitation of shark and ray fisheries in Indonesia waters haves the character of multi species and multi gear. Remembers the high price of fishery commodity (shark and ray), hence many fishermen hunting sharks and rays as target species. Indonesia fisherman exploits all part of shark and ray, for example meat to consume, fin for export commodity, skin to be tanned, bone for glue material, even as germination inhibitor of ferocious cell in human body.
The major challenge for shark and ray fisheries in Indonesia is how making management model of shark and ray on an ongoing basis, capable to guarantee that continuity of resources this sea can be endowed chronically between generations to 30 year to the fore. While best management opportunity for fishery of shark and ray is applying of management strategy of resources matching with sustainable development principles.
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*) Publish in September 30, 2007 at http://begawanlaut.blogspot.com/